American tulipwood (Liriodendron tulipifera)
Other names: Yellow poplar (USA), tulip poplar (USA), canary whitewood


Distribution
Widespread throughout Eastern USA.

General description
The sapwood is creamy white and may be streaked with the heartwood varying from pale yellowish brown to olive green. The green colour in the heartwood will tend to darken on exposure to light and turn brown. The wood has a medium to fine texture and is straight grained. The size of the sapwood and some physical characteristics will vary according to growing regions. The wood has many desirable characteristics and is suitable for a wide variety of important uses. The tulipwood tree resembles the shape of the European poplar, hence its name in USA.

Working properties
A versatile timber that is easy to machine, plane, turn, glue and bore. It dries easily with minimal movement in performance and has little tendency to split when nailed. It takes and holds paint, enamel and stain exceptionally well.

   
Machining
Nailing
Screwing
Gluing
Finishing

Physical properties
A medium density wood with low bending, shock resistance, stiffness and compression values, with a medium steam bending classification.

Specific Gravity: 0.42 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 449 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 9.8% (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 10,894 MPa
Hardness: 2402 N

Durability
Non-resistant to decay, heartwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment, sapwood is permeable.

Availability
USA: Very widely available.
Export: Widely available in a full range of standard thicknesses and specifications.

Main uses
Light construction, furniture, interior joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, mouldings, edged-glued panels, plywood (USA), turning and carving.

Alder
Ash
Aspen
Basswood
Beech
Birch
Cherry
Cottonwood
Elm
Hackberry
Hickory
Hard Maple
Pecan
Red Oak
Sap Gum
Sassafras
Soft Maple
American Tulipwood
Walnut
Willow
White Oak

2002 American Hardwood Export Council

1825 Michael Faraday Dr. • Reston, VA 20190
(703) 435-2900 telephone • (703) 435-2537 fax